Hypothyroidism Symptoms

Hypothyroidism Symptoms
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism, Hypothyroidism Symptoms, Signs of Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a common health problem where the body lacks adequate thyroid hormone. This disease is also known as under active thyroid. Usually the symptoms of hypothyroidism are subtle and therefore it is difficult to detect this disease. Women, especially above the age of 50 have the highest risk of developing hypothyroidism.  Read about diabetes symptoms and signs. Hypothyroidism occurs rarely in infants and children. Although there are many causes for this disease in human beings, the most common are known to be Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (an autoimmune disease) and thyroid destruction from radio iodine therapy. This disease occurs when the thyroid glands does not produce sufficient thyroxin in the human body. Insufficient thyroid hormone can affect the growth and development of the human body.

Hypothyroidism refers to any metabolic state resulting from a decrease in the amount of circulating thyroid hormones in the body.  Hypothyroidism can be classified based on the time of eruption (congenital or acquired), severity (overt (clinical) (subclinical or mild)), and the degree of endocrine aberration (primary or secondary). Primary hypothyroidism following dysfunction of the thyroid gland itself, whereas secondary hypothyroidism is a result of dysfunction of metabolic routes associated with thyroid hormone production and is characterized by Thyroxine Hypothyroidism Metabolism. Primary hypothyroidism is usually characterized by reduced free (FT4) and high levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels. The diagnosis of secondary hypothyroidism presents a challenge clinically as TSH levels can be reduced, normal or slightly elevated. For secondary hypothyroidism study of other pituitary hormones is necessary.

Hypothyroidism Symptoms The common signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism are:

  • Pituitary gland enlargement
  • Weight gain
  • Dry skin
  • Hoarseness of voice and sore throat
  • Constipation
  • Muscular weakness
  • Decrease in concentration
  • Cold intolerance
  • Decrease in sweating
  • Slow thinking

Hypothyroidism is manifested in different ways. Babies and children which are born with deficiencies of thyroid hormone have the risk of brain damage and mental retardation. Technological advances in hormone analysis revealed that hypothyroidism is relative, not absolute state.

In hypothyroidism, the thyroid remains inactive, unable to produce adequate thyroid hormones. The thyroid is located just below the larynx or the “Adam’s apple”. The lack of thyroid hormones slows down the body’s metabolism and gradually arises many complications in the immune system. The two most significant thyroid hormones in the human body are thyroxin (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) and both of them account for their present in the blood. The stages of hypothyroidism differ widely and the seriousness of the patient varies accordingly. Hypothyroidism is the one of the most common pathological hormone deficiency.